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How Periodontal Disease Causes Bone Loss

There are many types of gum disease that can have detrimental affects on your health if ignored. Though the mildest form is gingivitis, if it’s left untreated, it can quickly escalate into a more severe issue known as periodontitis. Periodontitis comes in many forms, all of which can lead to a host of health issues, such as bone loss.

Periodontal disease causes bone loss when plaque spreads below the gum line. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. The same toxins then serve as the catalyst for a chronic inflammatory response that causes the body to turn on itself and break down the tissues and bone that support the teeth. Your gums then separate from your teeth, leaving pockets that become infected and further escalate the breakdown of gum tissue and the surrounding bone. This can sometimes become so serious that teeth need to be removed to prevent more serious damage to overall health.

There are many different types of periodontitis, all of which include bone deterioration when ignored. Certain risk factors of gum disease include smoking, stress, or substance abuse, which is why it’s important to care for your overall mental and physical well being to prevent issues that can lead to bone or tooth loss. If you suspect that you may have early signs of gingivitis, it’s not too late to get your gums back on the right track. As your Vero Beach periodontist, we’re here to help make sure your gums and teeth are healthy for years to come. Contact us to schedule an appointment today!